Why do we almost exclusively use prison and fines for punishment? Why do we not use physical methods, as they were certainly not considered unusual in the Founding era?
We can lock up a rapist for decades, putting him up at taxpayer expense, or we could physically prevent the scumbag from ever raping someone again. (Let the victim have the first swing)
Hard labor could also be done. Have them do utterly horrible jobs like sorting through trash. (provided we can keep the shivs under control) They do a good job or they suffer. Why do we have to provide them amenities the average poor person does not have outside of jail?