Scaevola’s Cat Thought of the Week* (#6)


The Thought

Scaevola nominor, et reliquis pedibus tribus ipsis

contra hostes Romae nunc etiam supero.

Scaevola Cattus Mucius, et pedibus reliquis his

omnia pelliciam pectora vestra mihi.


The Meaning

Scaevola I am named, and with these very three remaining feet

against the enemies of Rome even now I overcome.

Scaevola Cattus Mucius, and with these remaining feet

I will win over to me all of your hearts.


The Form

ˉ = Full beat
˘ = Half beat
° = Either a full or half beat may be used
ˉ ˘ ˘ = D = Dactyl (a metrical foot)
ˉ ˉ = S = Spondee (a metrical foot)
ˉ ˘ = T = Trochee (a metrical foot)
/ = Separator between metrical feet
|| = A hiatus – a pronounced pause
X = Either a dactyl or spondee may be used
Y = Either a spondee or a trochee may be used

Form = Elegiac Couplet
X / X / X / X / D / Y
X / X / ° || D / D / ˉ


The Scansion

Sc(āē)vŏlă / nōmĭnŏr, / ēt rĕlĭ/quīs pĕdĭ/būs trĭbŭs / īpsīs
( ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˉ )

cōntra*-hōs/tēs Rō/m(āē) || nūnc ĕtĭ/ām sŭpĕ/rō.
( ˉ ˉ / ˉ ˉ / ˉ || ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ )

Sc(āē)vŏlă / Cāttūs / Mūcĭŭs, / ēt pĕdĭ/būs rĕlĭ/quīs hīs
( ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˉ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˉ )

ōmnĭă / pēllĭcĭ/ām || pēctŏră / vēstră mĭ/hī.
( ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ || ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ ˘ ˘ / ˉ )

* A note on scansion: if a word ends in a vowel, am, em, or um, AND the next word begins with a vowel (or an h), then the ending vowel (or am, em, um) of the first word is dropped completely (beat value and all) and the two words are joined. This is known as elision.


The Recitation


The Vocabulary and Grammar

Scaevola = Scaevola (Scaevola, -ae), noun, 1st declension, singular, masculine, nominative, meaning = The Lefthanded – the name given to Gaius Mucius, legendary hero of ancient Rome.

nominor = nomino (nomino, -are, -avi, -atum), verb, 1st conjugation, 1st person, singular, present, passive, indicative, meaning = I am named.

et = conjunction, indeclinable, meaning = and.

reliquis = reliquus (reliquus, -a, -um), adjective, 1st & 2nd declension, plural, masculine, ablative, modifies pedibus, meaning = remaining.

pedibus = pes (pes, pedis), noun, 3rd declension, plural, masculine, ablative, meaning = by means of (my) feet.

tribus = tres (tres, tria), adjective, 3rd declension, plural only, masculine, ablative, modifies pedibus, meaning = three.

ipsis = ipse (ipse, -a, -um), adjective, irregular (1st & 2nd declension-ish), plural, masculine, ablative, meaning = these very (an intensifier).

contra = preposition (with accusative), introduces hostes, meaning = against.

hostes = hostis (hostis, -is), noun, 3rd declension, plural, masculine, accusative, meaning = enemies.

Romae = Roma (Roma, -ae), noun, 1st declension, singular, feminine, genitive, meaning = of Rome.

nunc = adverb, indeclinable, modifies supero, meaning = now.

etiam = adverb, indeclinable, modifies nunc, meaning = even.

supero = supero (supero, -are, -avi, -atum), verb, 1st conjugation, 1st person, singular, present, active, indicative, meaning = I overcome.

Cattus = cattus (cattus, -i), noun, 2nd declension, singular, masculine, nominative, meaning = cat. (There’s wordplay here. Scaevola the Roman hero had the first name Gaius. The Romans abbreviated Gaius with the letter “C,” not “G.” So, Cattus here is used as a fictional Roman name, also fictionally abbreviated as “C.”)

Mucius = Mucius (Mucius, -ii), noun, 2nd declension, singular, masculine, nominative, meaning = the family name of the Roman hero Scaevola.

omnia = omnis (omnis, -e), adjective, 3rd declension, plural, neuter, accusative, modifies vestra, meaning = all.

pelliciam = pellicio (or perlicio) (pellicio, pellicere, pellicui, pellectus), verb, 3rd conjugation, 1st person, singular, future, active, indicative, meaning = I will win over.

pectora = pectus (pectus, -oris), noun, 3rd declension, plural, neuter, accusative, meaning = literally: breasts, figuratively: hearts. In Latin, the seat of emotional love was “pectus,” while the Latin word for “heart” meant the literal organ.

vestra = vester (vester, vestra, -um), adjective, 1st & 2nd declension plural, neuter, accusative, modifies pectora, meaning = a possessive adjective for the 2nd person plural pronoun – of yours (you = plural).

mihi = ego (ego …), pronoun, irregular, 1st person, singular, dative, meaning = to me.


*  “Week” is a used here as to specify an undefined length of time, possibly at times equal to an actual week.

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3 thoughts on “Scaevola’s Cat Thought of the Week* (#6)”

  1. Good to see Sky again.

    How do we know Sky isn’t a Russ-sky here to change the 2020 election? I think there needs to be a special council.

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  2. Ahh, love and war.  We speak of “winning hearts,” and of “being captivated.”  Cupid looses his arrow.

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