Santica means Sannomiya Chika or in English the downtown area of Kobe’s underground mall. This photo does not do justice to the reds.
Santica means Sannomiya Chika or in English the downtown area of Kobe’s underground mall. This photo does not do justice to the reds.
Hey, gang, we are going to celebrate the Festival of the Birth of Jesus on December 25th this year. We are going to join with all Western Christians and all the saints who have gone before us for the past 1900 years and more. Now, probably on a facebook page near you, sometime this Advent season you will see someone telling you how the Christians selected the date of December 25th by appropriating the date of a Pagan festival. That is a crock, and an anti-Christian slander, and this article is to explain why.
Most of you plain don’t care whether Christians appropriated a Pagan date. This is the typical reaction from Christians. We don’t really think that there is anything special about the date, it is just the traditional time for an annual celebration of the Nativity miracle. And, since we believe that mankind is corrupted by sin, and because we are all aware that church leaders have let us down on many occasions, we do not find this tale to be particularly troubling, and it sounds believable. So, Christians are generally not disconcerted by this tale, and we generally accept it without question.
Unfortunately, this is the sort of deference on the part of Christians that allows anti-Christian falsehoods to proliferate. Many Christians, such as G.K. Chesterton, accepted this tale as true. Even the Catholic Encyclopedia entry for Christmas (which was written in 1908) mentions this theory with the remark that it is “plausible.” Lots and lots of Christians have simply accepted this anti-Christian falsehood, mostly because it is considered an unimportant detail.
There is much to say regarding this anti-Christian slander, so I will provide some long-winded information and some links for anyone who is interested, or who is cornered by someone who finds this particular assault on the traditional Christmas story to be troubling.
Anti-Christians have said that the date of December 25th was deliberately picked to coincide with a Roman Pagan celebration. There are several versions, but here are the two most popular ones: one says that it co-opted a solstice celebration, just getting the date off by a couple of days, and the other says it was to co-opt a festival for Sol Invictus (the Unconquered Sun god). Both versions are falsehoods that keep going around on the internet.
First, neither the Greeks nor the Romans had a solstice festival before Sol Invictus. Sometimes I have seen anti-Christians on the internet raise the fact that other Pagans definitely did, but that does not hold up. There is no evidence that early Christians were in the business of co-opting dates or practices from the surrounding Greek Pagan culture (they opposed it in many ways), and, even if they were, they certainly would not have gone about picking dates from some far-away Pagan culture.
The second version also fails, on the basis that the Sol Invictus festival was initiated long after the Christians had agreed that December 25th is the most likely date for the Nativity. The Christians arrived at the December 25th date by completely independent reasoning that had nothing to do with any December events.
The Sol Invictus theory was a speculation by a 12th-century writer, and it was accepted by Christians and non-Christians alike as possible and plausible; in those days it was extremely difficult to access the sort of historical records that would have shed light on this theory. This theory was reported later as fact by a Protestant who was using it as a smear against the Roman Catholic Church. It was spread by anti-Catholic Protestants. It has been picked up and used since the Enlightenment by anti-Christians of all sorts, and it gets spread today on the worldwide web by many who seek to undermine the teachings and traditions of orthodox Christians, both Catholic and Protestant.
Early Christian thinking
The Christians of the second century discussed the likely dates for several events in the life of Jesus, in the absence of precise dating in the Gospels. The matter that got the most discussion was the time of the Crucifixion, which was important for dating the Easter festival that commemorates the Resurrection. They were looking to establish the most appropriate date for this important feast, and were employing a Jewish tradition that held that prophets died on the same date that they were either born or conceived.
The short version of the reasoning is: that before John the Baptist was born, when his father Zechariah received his vision, he was serving in the Temple. From Luke chapter 1:
8 Now while [Zechariah] was serving as priest before God when his division was on duty, 9 according to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense. 11 And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 12 And Zechariah was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth, 15 for he will be great before the Lord. …
18 And Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.” 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 And behold, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.” 21 And the people were waiting for Zechariah, and they were wondering at his delay in the temple. 22 And when he came out, he was unable to speak to them, and they realized that he had seen a vision in the temple. And he kept making signs to them and remained mute. 23 And when his time of service was ended, he went to his home.
The early Christians reasoned that if Zechariah could not be looked in on, then he must have been in the Most Holy Place, behind the veil, and so the event must have occurred during the annual festival of the Day of Atonement, which takes place in September. This was corroborated by a separate line of reasoning that was based on the rotation of the priests, and informed by a comment found in Josephus to backtrack and learn that Zechariah’s division of priests was serving in September.
If Elizabeth conceived John in September, then it would have been March when Mary conceived Jesus:
26 In the sixth month [of Elizabeth’s pregnancy] the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you!”
They set the Feast of the Annunciation as March 25. Nine months later is December 25. This was established long before the first Feast of Sol Invictus. Clement of Alexandria wrote about it near the year 200 AD, as did Hippolytus of Rome. It appears from their writings that the date had been established prior to their day. Sol Invictus was first decreed by Emperor Aurelian in 274 AD.
Here is an excerpt from an article by William Tighe:
Thus, December 25th as the date of the Christ’s birth appears to owe nothing whatsoever to pagan influences upon the practice of the Church during or after Constantine’s time. It is wholly unlikely to have been the actual date of Christ’s birth, but it arose entirely from the efforts of early Latin Christians to determine the historical date of Christ’s death.
And the pagan feast which the Emperor Aurelian instituted on that date in the year 274 was not only an effort to use the winter solstice to make a political statement, but also almost certainly an attempt to give a pagan significance to a date already of importance to Roman Christians.
I saw a bunch of articles in the past few days that mentioned one initiative proposed to help forestall future mass shootings by mentally troubled youths. The proposal is to raise the age limit required for a youngster to attain before he is allowed to purchase an “assault rifle” on his own.
In their rush to press forward any and all limitations on guns, eager beaver journalists rushed to state capitols all around to get soundbite quotes from politicians. In red states they tried to buttonhole Republicans, looking for quotes that could be used during electioneering later this year. In my state, they raced around the Tennessee capitol and got a number of GOP officials to opine on some proposals that they might be willing to consider or at least permit debate on. I was amused, sort of, by some of the Surrender Caucus saying their usual weaselly things.
I laughed out loud, though, at one passage. This is from an article in the dead tree pulp edition of the Memphis Commercial Appeal that soiled my driveway this morning. I did not check, but since it is probably behind their paywall, I transcribed by favorite section below. The article has a byline by Joel Ebert of the USA Today Network.
House Speaker Beth Harwell said she was unfamiliar with the issue regarding bump stocks and wanted to study it further before reaching a decision. “I’m certainly, with the President of the United States supporting it, it certainly makes it high profile and gives it credibility. I’d have to study the issue a little bit more” she said.
Harwell declined to answer a question about raising the age to buy assault weapons, noting that she recently purchased one for her son. “When that’s the only thing he wants for Christmas, what do you do, right?” she rhetorically asked.
Har har har har, hoo hoo hoo. Journalists want to raise the age for her son to purchase the weapon she just gave him for Christmas. Of course; this is a great answer. It is already really hard to find good Christmas gifts for teenage sons, so, if they cannot buy the assault rifle they want, it simply goes under the Christmas tree. Win-win!
Representative Harwell is running for governor of Tennessee. This just makes me even more inclined favorably to her candidacy than before. I don’t know her sons’ ages, but I have no doubt that Tennessee is a more safe place because they are armed.
I don’t have anything to say, but am just bursting with anticipation over the memo finger popping out of the protective dike. Mix those images as you see fit. This is like getting my Roy Rogers ranch set for Christmas when I was six.
I was thinking about this topic because my kids were home over Christmas, and even though they are in their mid-20s now, they broke out board games to play on our dining room table, late into the night. They were none of the games I remember though! They played Settlers of Cataan, Phase 10 and King Domino. Some that I remember from growing up in the 1960s are:
Fascination Pool – a plastic maze board that looked like a pool table – the picture above. You held it in your hands, released little balls from the center and tried to tip the board to get all the balls one by one into the color-corresponding pockets – but not let them roll into the wrong-color pocket.
King of the Hill – another game with little balls, you spun a spinner to move your marble up the mountain on little paths, but sometimes you’d land on a spot with a hole, and your marble would drop down a chute and come out a lower level. Whoever got their marble to the top of the hill dropped it into the crown and I think some action happened then, like the crown popped up or something?
Chinese Jump Rope – Do girls still play this?? All it took was a long circular elastic band. Two children stood about 5 feet apart with the band around their ankles and there was a whole set of jumping actions the third child did with the elastic – then if you completed those actions, the children on the end moved the band up to their knees & you performed the same actions, then to their hips and you tried to perform the same actions – quite a feat!
Did you play these? What were your favorite games and toys from your childhood?
G-d save the Queen. I have a new Christmas tradition, for the past three years, which is listening to the Christmas broadcast of Queen Elizabeth II of the UK and British Commonwealth of Nations. She has stepped into the spiritual breach, and has been bringing the Good News to her subjects. She begins with themes of home, and ends with the Gospel of Jesus the Christ, our Lord and Savior.
Here is her message for this year. It is well worth your nine minutes of time.
May your New Year be full of Wonderful!
What do you get the person who has all they need and probably want? It is a tough question. Here is my answer.
( The gift certificate was made by our No. 2 Erasered Member who will remain nameless. )
Oops! I forgot to hide the price tag. 11,999 is not too much to pay to show appreciation for the great work that has been done.
I did promise a Ratburger Mug to Chef John Walker but that plan went to pot. (DocLor, I know that those words means something else in California now but I mean the plan didn’t go through.) Let’s face it you just can’t go wrong with a Ratburger Gift Certificate and an AutoSock, can you?
You people are wonderful.
Is there any other holiday that fills the world with song? I live in Japan but that does not stop the BGM elves from taking control of the speakers. The songs are so varied from Santa to silly and even sacred but isn’t Christmas all those things.
Pick one and let us know in the comments.
(Now I am choosing the right categories, TOTD, Christmas, Tweet and chat posts. )