Benford’s Law and the 2020 Presidential Election

Benford’s law (or the first-digit law) is an observation about the frequency of the most significant digit of naturally occurring numbers.  Somewhat counter-intuitively (but with a well-understood explanation), small digits are more common than large ones, with around 30% of all values in a large collection beginning with 1, while only 4.6% start with 9.  The probability for digit d is given by:

\(P(d)=\log_{10}(1+\frac{1}{d})\)... [Read More]